tv The Seventies CNN December 16, 2016 10:00pm-11:01pm PST
blitzkrieg, seems indomitable at first, but it soon provokes ingenuity to find ways to overcome it. remember skyjacking seemed insuperable in this country once. we have stopped it. i don't know how terrorism can be stopped, but history's rhythm is on our side. -- captions by vitac -- www.vitac.com probably the most important cultural event in the history of america. >> a generation of freaks. >> guys kind of get off on. high energy. >> the sight and sound is your pleasure. >> bet your bottom, we got them baby. >> unless you have been living in a sealed cave, you probably know america's latest craze is disco dancing. >> this is punk rock. its purpose to promote violence, sex and destruction in that order. >> pure rock 'n' roll.
>> janis joplin was found dead last night. the cause of death was said to be an overdose of drugs. >> jim morrison, the lead singer for the doors, a rock music group, is dead. he was 27. >> the early years of the '70s are sad in music. because you lose people. and you lose the beatles. >> the small gathering is only the beginning. the event so momentous. historians may view it as a landmark in the decline of the british empire. the beatles are breaking up. >> it was a death for a lot of people. rock 'n' roll as we understood it in the '60s, are no longer with us. >> the beatles -- ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ >> and i wonder what i am doing here with no drummers and no nothing like. you might know i lost my old band or i left it. ♪ imagine there's no heaven it's
easy if you try ♪ >> for so long, you kind of waited for the next beatles' album to see where music was going. and we just hoped the music they would come up with individually would be that good. >> you know, i no longer, oh, the beatles need an album. you and paul go write 20 songs tomorrow or that sort of thing. i just write when i feel like it. ♪ imagine all the people >> yoko, you have been called the dragon lady who brought the beatles apart. >> can we please give her the credit for all the nice music that george made and ringo made and i made since they broke up. because she did it. >> the fact is, yoko ono did not break up the beatles. time broke up the beatles. money broke up the beatles. business broke up the beatles. a desire to go off and do their own stuff. broke up the beatles.
>> when the kids come to his concert they don't scream any more. they listen. >> the significant thing is that both john lennon and paul mccartney made music in their own particular ways that were focused on the fact that they were deeply in love with a woman. ♪ but i'm not the only one >> mccartney went home, made the record where he plays all the instruments on his own. this cozy domesticity, beautiful, wonderful, warm music. >> it's going to look roughly like this. this is our first showing of it. >> this is just the mock-up, folks. >> the new album. >> called -- >> i sell records. doesn't matter if i have been with the beatles or not. if they don't like the record they won't buy it. >> ringo to who this day people dismiss way too much. has tremendous success in the 70s. and george harrison stockpiling these amazing songs, explodes like a super nova, an album "all things must pass" may be the greatest beatles' solo album of all.
♪ you don't need no passport >> over the years, now, such a lot of songs mounted up i only wanted to do. i got a quota of one, or two per album. >> were you held down by the other fellows? >> well, very subtly, yes. ♪ ♪ >> i would just like to thank you all for coming here. you all know it is a special benefit concert. ♪ ♪ >> ravi shankhar said a terrible thing is happening in bangladesh what can we do? that created the first major superstar benefit concert ever done. >> the concert for bangladesh was the grandaddy of all issue-themed concerts. not only did you get george harrison, you got eric clapton.
it got dylan out of hiding. two beatles on the stage. unparalleled of the time. it may still be unparalleled. ♪ ♪ >> a great deal of music of the '70s was people who succeeded in the '60s, finding new ways to express themselves in the '70s. >> have you any idea why your group particularly has lasted as long as it had? >> because we stay together i suppose. >> for a few years, the rolling stones had taken a lot of casualties. >> he felt he wasn't going to be around. not everybody makes it. >> they were fighting for like where do we secure our foothold now? ♪ ♪
>> 1971, the rolling stones leave their home for tax purposes to go live in france. and record this record. exile on main street. in a very hot, uncomfortable, muddy sounding studio. >> that record is the embodiment of a band making masterpieces on a daily basis. and i remember reading the review saying this was like a debauched album, i didn't know what debauched means, but i got to get some of this debauchery stuff. >> having come out of the '60s which was its own animal. the '70s had to show its skin,
shed the old one. ♪ ooh yeah >> i was never very confident of my voice as a singer. i thought rather than just sing, which would probably bore the pants off everybody. i would like to kind of, portray the songs. ♪ and i turn myself but face me ♪ ♪ and i never caught a glimpse >> david bowie has been a game changer. he has taken the promise of rock that the beatles kicked off and taken it all sorts of interesting places for others to follow. ♪ ch-ch-changes ♪ time may change me ♪ but i can't change time ♪ i said that time may change me ♪ ♪ but i can't trace time ♪ i said that time may change me ♪ ♪ but i can't trace time
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i'm coming home ♪ ♪ oh make me feel good rock 'n' roll band i'm your biggest fan california i'm coming home ♪ >> you look to the horizon that you want to move toward. and that horizon was here in l.a. >> that's where the record companies were. there was lots of sun. >> the way i got to california was just really simple, i got there in a '57 chevy by skipping my finals that year in college. >> virtually nobody was from southern california. they're all drawn to the light. and the light is the troubadour club. >> things happened gradually until we played the troubadour. it was in los angeles. we hold 250 people. happened on the first night. >> every great songwriter, came through the troubadour. jackson brown, j.d.,
linda ronstadt, joanie mitchell, james taylor. the big sea change was people writing their own songs and expressing themselves. >> is it difficult to reveal it constantly to so many people. why do you do this? >> i feel an obligation to people and to myself to share myself maybe as honestly as i can. ♪ i left my folk and friends with the aim to clear my mind out ♪ ♪ well i hit the rowdy road and many kinds i met there many stories told all the ways to get there ♪ ♪ ooh ♪ so on and on i go ♪ the seconds tick the time out ♪ ♪ there's so much left to know when i'm on the road to find out ♪ ♪ >> everyone was just trying to do whatever came into their head. >> in the early days paul and i
we wanted to be the group from england. they were very big those days. >> we had no idea who the people were, the mysterious mr. king was. wrote the songs, chains the beatles did, i'm into something good. which was part of the british invasion. we did discover this remarkable woman, carole king. >> carole king made the transition from being behind the scenes woman to a star in her own right. ♪ i feel the earth move under my feet i feel the sky tumbling down ♪ ♪ i feel my heart start to tremble whenever you're around ♪ ♪ >> carole king is the embodiment of what happens. because in the '60s she is trying to write hit songs for other people. then in the '70s with "tapestry" the definition of an album of self-expression. let me go into my house in laurel canyon and tell you about my life. >> after church you always went out for pancakes.
if you were lucky enough to ride in one of the girl's cars you know what you are listening to "tapestry." >> there were a lot of very important women who were some of the most significant and creative writers of the time. >> we are going to do a song written by john david sausser one of my favorite california songwriters and one of my favorite singers. it's called "faithless love." >> she was in many ways my greatest collaborator. i became a professional song writer because of the best voice of my generation was doing my songs. ♪ faithless love ♪ like a river flows ♪ rain drops falling
♪ on a broken road ♪ >> for my money, linda is still underrated just for sheer singing power and style and emotion. ♪ and the night falls in like a cold dark wind faithless love ♪ ♪ like a river >> there have been articles and things that identify me with the l.a. sound, me, jackson brown and the eagles. we need some new blood in this town. we're starting to get stale. ♪ but you love to love her >> the original fleetwood mac was a four piece full on blues band. >> an english band that became the dual citizenship band. they were as american as they were british.
♪ ever know taken by the wind >> we had an album out, two years out, the buckingham nicks. nick really liked the music. they asked us to join. ♪ ♪ >> fleetwood mac, first, stevie and lindsey album for sure changed our lives. we had arrived. ♪ freedom >> describe being rich and famous in california. >> this is it, kid. ♪ freedom ♪ freedom ♪ forever ♪ ever ♪ >> the records some times bore an audience. they're not going to have another hit. or this one isn't as good as
that. >> record companies, like frothing at the mouth, the image ♪ if loving you isn't the right to do ♪ ♪ how can i ever change things that i feel ♪ >> the band is five people, five independent, quite strong minded quite stubborn individuals. ♪ if i could baby i'd build you my world ♪ >> two lovely couples, john and chris married. their marriage was on the rocks. and stevie and lindsey may have well have been married. that all was falling apart. ♪ you can go your own way ♪ go your own way
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♪ ooh-ooh let me tell you now >> we were shocked. not only were they incredibly talented but they looked like us. stand out in a crowd ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ no pretty face >> how long you been singing? >> three years. >> see you went to grab it right away. snatch it right out of my hand. >> michael was precocious, he knew he was cute. you would watch him go from that to commanding a stage in front of 15,000 people. amazing. ♪ ooh baby give me one more chance ♪ ♪ show you that i love you ♪ ♪ ♪ one two three ♪ oh darling i've been trying to let you go ♪ now since i see it is gone ♪ ♪ ♪ >> the only american group to have four consecutive number one records. ♪ oh oh oh
>> for the first time young black kids had their beatles. >> you don't know. the jackson five. >> that's us. thought's no jive. >> the jacksons were the last act from the classic motown hitsville system. >> motown was unique. record companies were run by businessmen. we had a music man at the helm. berry gordy. he was a songwriter. >> here he was trying his best to make black music that would cross over to the white world. ended up making the greatest black music ever. >> he created a machine. where you take the artist, polish them up. and make them a great package that they can play the ed sullivan show and kill. >> marvin gaye wanted to be frank sinatra. he was clean, svelte. all that changed in the '70s.
marvin wanted to compete at a high level, why can't i make a record like the beatles? i'm selling records like they sell. why can't i have that artistic expression? ♪ punish me with brutality ♪ talk to me ♪ when you can see ♪ what's going on ♪ what's going on ♪ yeah what's going on ♪ tell me what's going on ♪ ooh >> marvin gaye was affected by the vietnam war. his brother was in vietnam. he is hearing all these stories about what is going on over there. seeing the protests. it changes him. >> he holds up a mirror to america, look at yourself, america. >> he is talking about the war, poverty. marvin is an artist that berry gordy is not super happy about.
mother, mother ♪ ♪ everybody thinks we're wrong ♪ ♪ they do ♪ ♪ >> initially he did not want marvin to do what's going on. >> motown was supposed to be nonthreatening and you have marvin gaye making a protest record about the war. that could potentially ruin good money. you don't lightly talk about the government. ♪ yeah, i want to know what's going on right now ♪ people >> ultimately when he agrees to put out what's going on, berry tells marvin, okay if you are right, i'll learn something. if i'm right, you will learn something. and of course, as berry will say, i learned something. >> every artist at motown was suddenly also wanting to try their chance at freedom. >> when people say, so, they put you in one category. they say, he is a soul artist. that's all they expect for you to sing. that's all they want you to sing. that's not true. soul is being able to express yourself.
>> stevie wonder negotiated his creative freedom. with berry gordy. and he used every bit of it. ♪ every superstition ♪ writing's on the wall >> stevie wonder making some of the greatest records anyone has ever made in popular music in america, back to back to back. ♪ writing's on the wall >> it's the equivalent of shooting a perfect shot from half court with your eyes closed. music in my mind. oh, he made it. oh, my god he did it. and then suddenly -- if you -- fulfilling his first finale. oh, my god, he did it! ♪ ♪ ♪ you believe in things ♪ you don't understand then you suffer ♪
♪ superstition ♪ ♪ hey ♪ ♪ >> what the beatles did in the '60s i feel stevie wonder was the person to do that for music in the '70s. [ applause ] ♪ >> hi there, welcome aboard. you are right on time for a beautiful trip on "the soul train." and if the sight and sound of soul is your pleasure, what's your pleasure and what's your treasure? bet your bottom we got them, baby. >> "soul train" finally offered america its first view of afrocentricity. a new idea to say black is beautiful. >> we ran home from church to see "soul train." it was the one reliable place to see the artist you loved. >> no question that soul train broke a lot of artists and introduced a lot of artists to audiences they never performed for. >> ten years before he did the
moon walk, michael jackson debuted the robot in 1973 on "soul train." >> people had done the robot before. but there was a way that it was faster. it was sharper. and it was street. at the speed of bouncing and there was so much precision to it. ♪ dancing dancing dancing ♪ she's a dancing machine >> oh baby. ♪ you gotta to be cool, calm, collected ♪ ♪ look your fear in the eye ♪ you gotta be shaking off the pressure ♪ ♪ gotta be taking your time ♪ had my ups, downs, run-arounds ♪ ♪ my dark and despair ♪ but the best stuff came ♪ when all the sweat wasn't there ♪ ♪ you gotta say ♪ hey-y ♪ ho-o ♪ hey-y
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rock, music that infuriated so many people in the '50s and '60s. the music that so many thought was too loud, vulgar, and somehow dangerous to our morals. rock has not only refused to go away. it's become an institution. hart was a big deal. because in the decade dominated by a type of rock 'n' roll that rhymes with rock and begins with a c, but i won't go on further. they were willing to play with the guys and succeed on their terms. >> the stuff from the '60s, that's way too hippy now we have to up it a notch. ♪ ♪
>> the audience had come to expect a better standard of performance. a better quality of lighting and sound and staging. they have come to expect a show. ♪ we still have time and i still defy a troublemaker on a high ♪ >> the groups became more theatrical. they realized just giving them the music isn't enough. we have to give them something to look at. >> more naked people, more misbehavior. more over the top stuff going on. just more. ♪ oh ♪ no time >> playing stadiums was too unreal. it would just be a sea of faces into infinity. ♪ with your sweet bag of lies ♪ crazy crazy crazy ♪ oh yeah ♪ crazy
>> stadium tours put a lot of people near music. what they also do is force the musicians to play to the back of the hall. in the '70s that distance between the performer on stage and that audience grew. if you went to any big arena rock shows, it was always about the star up here and the audience down here. and this sort of, iconography of the rock star as this huge figure. ♪ crazy crazy on you >> it was bound to happen but it comes as a shock nevertheless. in a poll taken by a leading pop music magazine in england, the beatles came in second. the most popular rock group in england today is led zeppelin. >> in their 20s, they're rich, powerful, temperamental, and pampered. they're led zeppelin, the group
on tour, where they're nearly as big as nothing, zeppelin is very big. to get around, zeppelin uses a chartered 707. the kind of plane president nixon uses. ♪ the president's plane doesn't have an organ or 15-foot mirrored bar or in private quarters two bedrooms and a fireplace. >> i'm a bit upset it doesn't have a pool table on board. apart from that i think this is the best way to travel. >> americans are now spending $2 billion a year on music. that's $700 million more than the movie industry grosses from ticket sales in one year. about three times the amount of money taken in by all spectator sports. >> i'm telling you rock 'n' roll is no different than ibm, xerox, sara lee, chevrolet, supply and demand, the same business. >> rock 'n' roll had been a gritty novelty business.
it was not the center of the world in the '50s and '60s. in the '70s it becomes the main event. it has repercussions in all sort of positive and negative ways. >> the total cost of this tour is $3.5 million. now the gross of the tour is in the region of $11 million. so -- yeah, it's a living. >> it was so decadent and over the top and money just -- whoo -- being thrown against the wall. >> feel like a hypocrite, if you are invoking the idea of young people. bouncing the idea of young people. taking young people's money and taking it and putting it in your pocket. really what you are is a middle-aged family man. it is only the hypocrisy that i'm worried about. >> bruce springsteen was trying to reclaim the soul of rock 'n' roll by going back to basics. >> using him from the past and
being discarded at that point. ♪ every day you sweat out on the streets on the wrong way ♪ >> using a sound that was not on the radio. and not what was mainstream rock. ♪ ♪ on a highway now ♪ stepping out over the line ♪ whoa >> bruce springsteen created his own counterculture. it just speaks exactly to the american spirit. you couldn't hit it on the head more than bruce springsteen did. ♪ baby we were born to run ♪ yeah yes we were >> "born to run" was a statement in the middle of the '70s. the cover of "time" and "newsweek." >> bruce didn't like it at the time. me on the other hand. my friend is on the cover of "newsweek." this is cool.
>> when "born to run" comes out in 1975 it is the desire to escape the claustrophobia of the 1970s. it is an anthem to save your soul. ♪ to call the bank and gather all the paperwork. sure, you could spend the next few days weeding through w2s, paystubs and bank statements to refinance your home. or, you could push that button. sfx: rumble of a rocket launching. cockpit sounds. skip the bank, skip the paperwork and go completely online with rocket mortgage by quicken loans. rocket mortgage allows you to securely share your financial information and confidently get an accurate mortgage solution in minutes --
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♪ i was lucky enough to be invited to david mancuzo's legendary space in soho called the loft. i thought that was one of the most utopian scenes i had ever encountered in music. >> mancuso is one of the guys who took the art form of playing the record and how he curated the records. he may play isaac hayes record, or a salsa record. it wasn't so much about a style as it was an an aesthetic of music. >> you can get high. and stay here all night. >> why are people dancing again? i wish i knew. but i'm glad it's happening.
>> what we now know as disco really starts with a band called the tramps. the drummer, earl young, invents the idea. with eight on the high hat. so everything is -- ♪ burn baby burn >> that's the sound of disco. ♪ burn baby burn ♪ burn baby burn >> i loved disco. i always loved dance music anyway. whatever i did as a producer was always danceable. the melody. >> george meroudder put together technology and soulful vocalist. donna summer being the biggest embodiment. and they make some of the biggest record of all time. ♪ ooh love to love you baby ♪ ooh love you love you baby "love to love you baby" was four minutes of singing.
14 minutes of -- a lot of not singing. ♪ oh love to love you baby ♪ oh love you love you baby >> i always wondered for the life of me was he just in the booth, more passion more -- >> actually i shooed everybody out of the studio, switched the lights off, made sure the tape is running, and i said, okay, let's go ahead. and i think she did it in 10 minutes. ♪ oh >> the donna summer records were some of the biggest records of all time. and they kicked off a revolution. ♪ i want to -- >> unless you have been living in a sealed cage you probably noticed america's latest craze is disco dancing. that's dancin' without the g.
>> fluffy, where have you been? ♪ i want to but on my boogie shoes and dance with you ♪ >> what they generate with the records, we are talking about an estimated 4 billion, with a b, $4 billion a year. >> i remember really being upset about this word disco. it was r & b music to me. i felt like they stripped it and gave it a new name and weren't giving credit where i think the credit was supposed to go. >> to bring that -- to bring that sound in that's great. one, two, three, four. >> the beegees always liked r & b and soul. >> they were pop stars too. they really got the zeitgeist of what was going on. ♪ staying alive ♪ staying alive
[ applause ] >> this is the scene outside a new york disco called studio 54. this is the place that's in with the disco crowd. >> i have been to goat ropings and space shots, been in a lot of strange places and seen a lot of strange things. but nothing stranger than studio 54 at the height of its popularity in the '70s. >> it's where you come when you want to escape. it is really escapism. >> in the front door of that spot was insane. i sometimes would walk by to watch the people not get in. because that was fun too. >> oh, you are not shaved. no way you can get in. it doesn't matter if you are not shaved. just go home. >> you had to be selected. you had to be chosen to get in. >> we can't let in everybody who wants to come in. i wish we could. ♪ oh freak out
>> the great sheik, go to studio 54 to get in. and they don't. so they write a song. ♪ i guess you heard about the new batch craze listen to us i'm sure you will be amazed ♪ >> studio 54 reject them. the part where they say freak out. actually began as something else. ♪ freak out >> it went from something off to freak off to being freak out. ♪ just come on down to the 54 find a spot out on the floor ♪ ♪ ♪ oh freak out ♪ so chic >> freak out. >> probably the best thing that ever came out of studio 54 was that song. >> disco was a revolutionary force. funk marries disco and it lead to hip-hop.
>> it's 1979 and i heard chic's "good times" come on. i kept hearing somebody talk over the song. ♪ you hip, you hop, you don't stop ♪ ♪ and rock it out baby b ♪ what you hear is not a test i'm rapping to the beat ♪ ♪ me the group and my friend are going to try to move your feet ♪ >> so when people talk about it what's that hip-hop song and it was the first hip-hop song to crack the top 40. it changed everything. >> "rappers delight" opens the incredible door to the last new american art form which is hip-hop.
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kick out the jams mother -- >> detroit, 1969, is where punk was originally born. the motor city five and iggy and the stooges release two pioneering albums to indicate that there is a new style of music coming back. it is garage rock. it is minimalist. it's aggressive. it's loud, and it's very often
obnoxious. ♪ >> punk rock was so fing scary to us, because here we are with the big majestic song, and here comes punk with the -- ♪ >> the ramones get started as a reaction of everything else going on. people see them and go this is the answer. ♪ let's go ♪ let's go >> this is how rock and roll is supposed to to be done. >> how should it be done? >> no pyrotechnics. no phony showmanship. it's just pure rock and roll. pure good stamina. ♪ >> real and raw and there's no crap involved as opposed to the standard schlap we here on the
top 40. >> the ramones were one part of a wider new york scene. >> you had people like patty smith. >> i'm an artist. rock and volume my art. >> the new york dolls. [ bleep ]. >> the dead boys. >> rock and roll anybody can play. >> and richard hell. belong to the -- >> richard hell cut his own hair. ripping his clothes and safety pinning them together. the king of the punks. the safety pin thing is his. it's pretty clear that he invented that. >> punk in the united states -- >> if punk has a home territory it is here on kings road in the middle of london, the same street that launched the mini skirt and the look and mood of the swinging 60s.
>> kipgs row belongs to punk rockers. >> what has it done for us? nothing. hasn't gotten me a job. >> there is no future for a kid now. there isn't. >> there was an indigenous anger and frustration that i have been drove a lot of punk on and got a lot of young people behind it. ♪ london calling through the far away town ♪ ♪ >> we've been said to be a political group. >> yeah, they have said it. it's true. >> as chaps maybe we would be singing about living and kissing someone. >> the clash usually is the best of the lot. it doesn't sound like traditional punk but it doesn't sound like anybody but the clash either. ♪ ♪ london -- and i -- i live by the river ♪ ♪ i never felt so much ♪ >> punk was a wide umbrella and that wider scene included peep who were a lib more complex in
their musical performance style. people aren't going to buy something if you call it punk. they might buy it if you call it new wave. >> you love that punk rock these days, and what's your thoughts on punk rock? >> it's a new wave. by defining it as punk, you're automatically putting a boundary on what's possible. >> talking head was the ultimate college band. ultimate. they did spiky music who reflected who they were and reflected the fascinating individual that david burn would he mer-- emerge to become. >> i wrote a song about urban guerillas and about their daily lives instead of about their politics. ♪ there was a man loaded with weapons ♪ propped up and ready to go >> this area of new wave music is where stars of the 1980s are going to come from. >> what makes the '70s so special is that there's still a
sense of naivete, that music could make a difference in your life. ♪ this ain't no party ♪ this ain't no disco ♪ this ain't no fooling around ♪ this ain't no place >> you pick any genre you like and i will tell you that the best music made in that genre was made in the 1970s and you will have a hard time proving me wrong. the me decade allowed our best artists of our time do their best work, because they were exploring. that's as deep as popular art ever gets. ♪ ♪ this ain't no party ♪ this ain't no disco ♪ this ain't no fooling around ♪ i love to hold you ♪ i love to kiss you ♪ but i ain't going down ♪ trouble and into the crowd
♪ got through the road block ♪ ♪ we're not computers ♪ and there ain't no burning allowed ♪ tonight television takes a look at itself. >> what's on the idiot box. >> it's only an idiot box if an idiot is watching. i'll tell you about the golden aim in television. this period in time will be looked upon as the platinum age. >> our obligation is to entertain. so much the better. >> kunta. kunta kinte. >> congress has no right to interfere with the media. >> excuse me! >> you have a responsibility to give the audience what it tuned in to see.